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17.ЗАКОН УКРАЇНИ Про місцеве самоврядування в Україні


Unit 9. The Police Service  
Recruitment in Great Britain
Entry requirements vary from one force to another. Age. The minimum age for appointment as a constable is 18 —— although some forces have a higher minimum age. There is no upper lirnit. Qualifications. Candidates should have achieved a good educational standard. However regardless of educational attainment there is an entrance test which is taken by all candidates. This Initial Recruitment Test helps to identify whether you have the skills for the job. It consists of five separately timed tests each designed to measure a different ability. These are:  
•   the ability to spell words and construct sentences properly;
•   the ability to check information quickly and correctly;  
•   the ability to solve numerical problems accurately;
•   the ability to reason logically when given facts about events;
•   the ability to observe scenes carefully and recall details accurately. Physical / fitness. If you are thinking of joining the Police Service, you must be physically fit. Before appointment all candidates are medically examined and must be certified by a registered medical practitioner approved by the police authority, as being in good health, of sound constitution and fitted both physically and mentally to perform the duties of a constable. Eyesight. Good eyesight is important and all forces require a high standard of eyesight. No force can accept candidates with only one eye or those who suffer from squint or other morbid conditions of the eyes (or lids of either eye). Applicants are normally required to produce an optician's test certificate issued within the preceding 12 months. Most forces will accept a candidate who wears contact lenses or glasses. Colour vision is also important and no force will accept a candidate who is unable to distinguish the principal colours: red, green and violet. Nationality. Applicants to the Police Service are required to be British citizens or Commonwealth citizens whose stay in the United Kingdom is not subject to restrictions or citizens of the Irish Republic. Height. There are no minimum or maximum height requirements. Criminal record. When making an application for appointment to any chief officer of police, you should mention any criminal record which you have. As a new recruit you will be given the training necessary to equip you for the job. All police officers do basic training and have a two year probation. Initial training comprises a two year modular system. The two year training cycle is outlined below.
•   One and a half weeks at your force's local centre being given basic information and time to discuss hopes and fears in relation to the job.
•   Two and a half weeks at a police station giving you a chance to observe the working environment.  
•   A ten week residential course at a national police training centre where you learn and are trained in relation to the professional and personal skills and abilities you need for the job. Everything from community awareness to punctuality!
•   Five weeks on the beat with a tutor constable guiding you through incidents, procedures and paper work.
•   Additional training and skills learning at a national police training centre through simulation exercises and classwork. •   Back to the police station for five weeks with a tutor constable. Later you will go on individual patrol. Promotion. Promotion opportunities exist for all police officers. After their first two years as a probationary constable, officers can work towards their sergeant and then their inspector exams with the help of an excellent training programme. Word list entry — вступний requirement — вимога appointment — призначення на посаду constable — констебль attainment — досягнення initial — початковий recruitment — набір новобранців to identify — встановлювати skill — здатність, спроможність; здібність ability — уміння to spell — писати to solve — вирішувати to reason — міркувати event — подія to observe — спостерігати to recall — згадувати fitness — придатність to approve — твердити; затверджувати eyesight — зір squint — косоокість morbid — патологічний lid — повіка, мн.: повіки applicant — кандидат to precede — передувати to distinguish — розрізняти Commonwealth — співдружність restriction — обмеження height — ріст beat — дільниця; ділянка tutor — наставник promotion — підвищення у званні Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks. 1.  The minimum age for ... as a constable is 18 —— . 2.  The initial Recruitment test helps to ... whether young people have the skills for the job. 3.  The test is designed to measure a different ... . 4.  The future policeman must spell words and construct sentences properly, ... numerical problems accurately, ... logically, ... scenes carefully and ... details accurately. 5.  When joining the Police Service all candidates must be physically ... . 6.  Good ... is important. 7.  All applicants must . the principal colours: red, green and violet. 8.  When entering the Police Service you must mention any ... record which you have. 9. All police officers do basic training and have a two year ... . 10. ... can lead to a higher rank. Exercise 2 Read the following sentences and decide if they are true or false. 1.  Entry requirements are the same for each force. 2.  There is no minimum or upper age limit for appointment as a constable. 3.  All candidates must take an entrance test. 4. The initial Recruitment Test helps to identify your skills for the job. 5.  It is not necessary to be examined medically before an appointment. 6.  Applicants must have good eyesight. 7.  Applicants to the Police Service are required to be British citizens. 8.  It is not necessary to inform about criminal records which you have. 9.  All police officers have a one year probation. 10. Promotion opportunities exist only for senior officers. Exercise 3 Find words and expressions in the text which mean: 1.   person who applies; 2.   having the right measure, good health, etc.; 3.   route over which smb goes regularly; 4.   giving smb a higher position or rank; 5.   power of seeing; 6.   ability to do smth well; 7.   exercise the power of thought. Exercise 4 Answer the following questions. 1.  What is the minimum and upper age limit for appointment as a constable? 2.  What is the purpose of the Initial Recruitment Test? 3.  What abilities does the Initial Recruitment Test help to identify and measure? 4.  Do all forces require a high standard of eyesight? 5.  What colours must applicants distinguish? 6.  How long does it take to have basic training and probation? 7.  What opportunities exist for all police officers? Exercise 5 Read the text and translate into Ukrainian. DUTIES The duties of the police forces of the United Kingdom include the provision of police cover at major airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, etc.), but the police carry no responsibility for the running of prisons, for immigration or for customs and excise duties. The duties and responsibilities of police are: a)   the protection of life and property; b)   the prevention of crime and detection of offenders; c)    the preservation of public tranquillity. These principles were accepted by all police forces in the United Kingdom. In 1990 the Association of Chief Police Officers set out the purpose for the police service of today: 'The purpose of the police service is to uphold the law; to prevent crime; to bring to justice those who break the law; to keep the Queen's Peace; to protect, help and reassure the community. We must be compassionate, courteous and patient. We need to be professional, calm and restrained in the face of violence and apply only that force which is necessary to accomplish our lawful duty. We must strive to reduce the fears of the public and to reflect their priorities in the action we take. We must respond to well-founded criticism with a willingness to changes" Exercise 6 Give English equivalents for the following words and expressions. -       обов'язки поліцейської служби; -       не нести відповідальності за втечі з в'язниці, імміграцію, митні та податкові операції; -       захист життя та власності; -       попередження злочину (запобігання злочину); -       розшук злочинців; -       збереження громадського спокою; -       захищати закон; -       віддавати під суд тих, хто порушує закон; -       охороняти спокій королеви; -       захищати, допомагати та заспокоювати суспільство; -       співчутливий; -       ввічливий, чемний; -       терплячий; -       компетентний; -       спокійний; -       стриманий; -        перед лицем насильства; -        вдаватися тільки до тих дій, які необхідні; -        законні обов'язки; -        зменшувати страхи суспільства; -        відповідати на добре обгрунтовану критику з бажанням змінитися. Exercise 7 Match the words from the left and the right columns according to the meaning. Make sentences of your own. a) prevention of protection of preservation of responsibility for detection of to uphold to prevent to bring to to break to reassure to keep b) public tranquillity crime immigration, customs and excise duties the law life and property offenders justice the community the Queen's Peace the law Exercise 9 Read and translate the text into Ukrainian. Alan is 17 years old. He wants to join the Police Service. It is a tradition in his family to become a police officer. His grandfather was a Constable. He was proud of his job. Alan's father is a Traffic Warden. He is a civilian employed by the Police. He wears similar uniform and works on foot in City centre. He is responsible for controlling the parking of traffic, moving people on where they have overstayed their parking time and giving out fixed penalty tickets for the more persistent parking offenders. Alan's elder brother Peter who is now 20 years old attends a twenty week training course at Peel Centre, Hendon. Alan envies his brother. It's great to be a recruit at Hendon! Hendon is not like an ordinary educational establishment. The recruits are not tied to their desks — police work is brought to life by acting out incidents. The whole class attend at the scene of practical incidents staged by Police Officer Instructors. Students are expected to take action as if they were on normal duty. And it is much more interesting than to sit in the classrooms. Peter says that he enjoys basic law, police procedure and how to handle people. Alan's mother says that Hendon helps Peter become more skilful, patient and sensitive.   After initial training Peter will join his new Division and for the first ten weeks will be taken under the wings of an experienced tutor Sergeant and Constable. During these early weeks working on the streets of London, he will, under supervision and guidance, learn about the local area, the people and the problems that confront police officers. Later, after about a year's total service, the officers will complete a further two weeks training at an Area Training Unit. After the initial two years Peter will be confirmed as Constable. Being a PC means that officers will often need to act quickly. His grandfather used to say: «Crime doesn't clock on or off*. All day and all night policemen have to safeguard homes and property, even life itself. Alan is interested in fingerprint identification. That's why after initial training he is going to enter the Fingerprint Branch at New Scotland Yard. Alan thinks that fingerprint identification plays an important role in many major crime investigations. But it will be in future. Now Alan has to prepare himself for taking the Initial Recruitment Test. If you are thinking of joining the Police Service, you must be physically fit. So Alan does his morning exercises every day. He goes to learn Karate two evenings a week. He is already as tall as his brother and growing into a man very fast! Exercise 10 Give Ukrainian equivalents for the following words and phrases. - to join the Police Service;      - Constable; Traffic Warden; uniform; parking of traffic; recruit; scene of practical incidents; basic law; to handle people; tutor Sergeant; to act quickly; fingerprint identification; civilian; to work on foot; fixed penalty; educational establishment; to be on duty; police procedure; skilful, patient, sensitive; under supervision and guidance; to safeguard homes and property; crime investigation. - physically fit; Exercise 11 Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words and phrases from the box below. The most visible, easily recognisable policing figure is the officer on the British police officer — sometimes called "the bobby" after Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the is a well-known figure to everybody who has visited Britain or who has seen British films. Policemen are to be seen in towns or cities keeping ... and ... , either walking in the streets ("pounding the beat") or driving in cars (known as "panda cars" because of their distinctive markings). To be a policeman means doing ... work, wearing a ... and working in a small area of London, preventing ... and arresting ... . All members of the police must have gained a certain level of academic qualifications at school and undergone a period of intensive training. In the most countries the police carry ... . The British police generally do not carry firearms, except in Northern Ireland. Only a few police are regularly armed, for example, those who . politicians and diplomats or who ... airports. In certain circumstances specially trained police ... can be armed, but only with the permission of a chief officer. To patrol                          crime                                Law Guns                                criminals                          order To guard                          shift                                  uniform Police force                      officers                             beat Exercise 12 Work in pairs. Imagine you are interviewed by a journalist. The journalist wants to know why you have chosen the profession of a police officer. Include the following points. -       the main tasks of police; -       the duties of a policeman; -       the problems a policeman meets; -       the advantages and disadvantages of policeman being armed. Use the following words and expressions: -       Well, ... -       Talking about ... -       Frankly speaking ... -       To tell the truth ... -       As far as I know ... -       I have no doubt ... -       To cut a long story short ... Exercise 13 Read the passage and fill in each blank with an appropriate preposition. (Not all of the prepositions have been deleted.) Some blanks may use more than one word. THE POLICE CHIEF My chief was very old-fashioned. He dressed_______ a uniform rather than in plain clothes as we did during our training. But at least he let me wear what I wanted to wear. He was very conservative and did not like the officers_______ his force to have opinions that differed_________ his. As I was waiting to meet him________ the first time, I could hear the voice_______ a hysterical woman coming_________ the thin walls: "But, Chief Hutch, I know it was no accident ... none of them were, sir". "Well, we have no proof, Mrs. Munsing, and we don't work here on suppositions and guesses, you know. We have to have facts in order to act". "Yes, I know, sir, but I think that if you would just ask some questions ... " «Thank you, Mrs. Munsing, we'll get someone on it_____________ you. Thank you very much for coming in here today and sharing your concerns_______ us". He showed her_______ the door, and as he passed me, he stopped and looked my white shirt and tie. A smile crossed his face. "We're in Flagstaff, Detective Smith, not on Fifth Avenue. You're going to get pretty hot_________ that neck choker". "Yes, sir". "Now, Mrs. Munsing, you just go on back______________ Mr. Fitch's house, and my advice to you is not to mention that you came down here to see me". "Oh, I wouldn't, sir. I wouldn't. And I don't want you to tell anyone that I came here. I might lose my job". After she left he stared________ the door for a few minutes before turning________ me. "Crazy old woman", he muttered_____________ his breath. "Come _______ me". He led me down a long corridor that had pictures__________ criminals pasted______ the walls. We passed office___________ office and finally emerged______ a long room without windows that had five desks. One ____ the desks was empty. He pointed_______ it. "That's yours". He then turned and walked out_______ the room. I opened all my desk drawers and found them full of bits and pieces _____ paper and ends__________ pencils. There was dust__________ top of the desk which stood in the very middle___________ the room. I could hear everything that anyone said____________ all sides of me. Which wasn't much since everyone was trying hard to ignore me. I laughed to myself when I considered the reason___________ their coldness. In New York people looked down________ me because I came from a poor area ______ the city. Here they look down on me because I come____________ the richest city in the world. I opened the Manual for Officers that I found_______ the desk drawer but before I could start it a seigeant came in and told me the chief wanted to see me______ his office______ the double. The chief was just as taciturn as the rest___________ the force. He sat behind a very small desk which made him look much bigger than he was. He didn't invite me to sit down nor did I ask if I could. I stood ______ his desk while he began to yell the rules_____________ the office. The cardinal rule was DON'T MAKE TROUBLE. Don't look_____________ trouble. Don't make waves. Exercise 14 Answer the questions. 1. How was the police chief dressed? 2. Whose voice did Dwight hear through the walls? 3. Describe the office the chief assigned to Dwight. 4. Where did Dwight find the Manual for Officers? 5. What was the cardinal rule of the office?
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