The Police Service
in Great Britain
Entry requirements vary from one force to another.
Age. The minimum age for appointment as a constable is
18 —— although
forces have a higher minimum age. There is no upper lirnit.
Qualifications. Candidates should have
achieved a good educational standard. However regardless of educational attainment there is an entrance test which is taken by all
candidates. This Initial
helps to identify
whether you have the skills for the job. It consists of five separately timed tests each designed to
measure a different ability.
spell words and construct
ability to check
information quickly and
solve numerical problems
reason logically when given
facts about events;
• the ability to observe scenes carefully and recall details accurately. Physical / fitness. If
you are thinking of joining the Police Service,
you must be physically fit. Before appointment all candidates are
medically examined and must be certified by a registered medical practitioner approved by the police authority, as being in good
health, of sound constitution and fitted both physically and mentally to
perform the duties of a constable.
Eyesight. Good eyesight is important and all forces require a high
standard of eyesight. No force can accept candidates with only one eye or those
who suffer from squint
or other morbid conditions of the eyes (or lids of
either eye). Applicants
are normally required to
produce an optician's test certificate issued within the preceding 12 months.
Most forces will accept a candidate who wears
contact lenses or glasses. Colour vision is also important and no force will
accept a candidate who is unable to distinguish the
principal colours: red, green and violet.
Nationality. Applicants to the Police Service
are required to be British citizens or Commonwealth citizens
whose stay in the United Kingdom is not subject to restrictions or citizens of the Irish Republic.
Height. There are no minimum or maximum height requirements.
Criminal record. When making an application
for appointment to any chief officer of police, you should mention any criminal
record which you have.
a new recruit you will be given the training necessary to equip you for the
job. All police officers do basic training and have a two year probation.
Initial training comprises a two year modular system. The two year training
cycle is outlined below.
• One and a half weeks at your force's local
centre being given basic information and time to discuss hopes and fears in
relation to the job.
• Two and a half weeks at a police station
giving you a chance to observe the working environment.
• A ten week residential course at a national
police training centre where you learn and are trained in relation to the
professional and personal skills and abilities you need for the job. Everything
from community awareness to punctuality!
• Five weeks on the beat with a tutor
constable guiding you
through incidents, procedures and paper work.
• Additional training and skills learning at a
national police training centre through simulation exercises and classwork.
• Back to the police station for five weeks
with a tutor constable. Later you will go on individual patrol.
Promotion opportunities exist for all police officers. After their first two
years as a probationary constable, officers can work towards their sergeant and
then their inspector exams with the help of an excellent training programme.
requirement — вимога
appointment — призначення
constable — констебль
attainment — досягнення
initial — початковий
recruitment — набір
to identify — встановлювати
ability — уміння
to spell — писати
to solve — вирішувати
to reason — міркувати
event — подія
to observe — спостерігати
to recall — згадувати fitness — придатність
to approve — твердити;
eyesight — зір
повіка, мн.: повіки
applicant — кандидат
to precede — передувати
to distinguish — розрізняти
Commonwealth — співдружність
restriction — обмеження
promotion — підвищення
in the blanks.
1. The minimum age for ... as a constable is 18 ——
2. The initial Recruitment test helps to ... whether young people have the skills for the job.
3. The test is designed to measure a different ... .
4. The future policeman must spell words and
construct sentences properly, ...
accurately, ... logically, ... scenes carefully and ... details accurately.
5. When joining the Police Service all
candidates must be physically ... .
6. Good ...
7. All applicants must . the principal colours: red, green and violet.
8. When entering the Police Service you must
mention any ... record which you have.
9. All police officers do basic training and have a
two year ... .
10. ... can
lead to a higher rank.
Read the following sentences and decide if
they are true or false.
1. Entry requirements are the same for each
2. There is no minimum or upper age limit for
appointment as a constable.
3. All candidates must take an entrance test.
initial Recruitment Test helps to identify your skills for the
5. It is not necessary to be examined medically
before an appointment.
6. Applicants must have good eyesight.
7. Applicants to the Police Service are required
to be British citizens.
8. It is not necessary to inform about criminal
records which you have.
9. All police officers have a one year
10. Promotion opportunities
exist only for senior officers.
Find words and expressions in the text which
the right measure, good health, etc.;
over which smb goes regularly;
smb a higher position or rank;
to do smth well;
the power of thought.
Answer the following questions.
1. What is the minimum and upper age limit for
appointment as a constable?
2. What is the purpose of the Initial
3. What abilities does the Initial Recruitment
Test help to identify and measure?
4. Do all forces require a high standard of
5. What colours must applicants distinguish?
6. How long does it take to have basic training
7. What opportunities exist for all police
the text and translate into Ukrainian.
The duties of the police forces of the United Kingdom include the provision of police cover at major
airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, etc.), but the police carry no responsibility for the running of prisons, for immigration
or for customs and excise duties. The
duties and responsibilities of police are:
a) the protection of life and property;
b) the prevention of crime and detection of
c) the preservation of public tranquillity.
principles were accepted by all police forces in the United Kingdom.
In 1990 the Association of Chief Police Officers set out the purpose for the
police service of today:
purpose of the police service is to uphold the law; to prevent crime; to bring to justice those who
break the law; to keep the Queen's Peace; to protect, help and reassure the
must be compassionate,
patient. We need to be professional, calm and restrained in the face of violence and apply only that force which is necessary to accomplish our lawful duty. We must strive to reduce the fears of the public and to reflect their priorities in the action
we take. We must respond
to well-founded criticism with a willingness to changes"
Give English equivalents for the following
words and expressions.
- обов'язки поліцейської служби;
- не нести відповідальності за втечі з в'язниці,
імміграцію, митні та податкові операції;
- захист життя та власності;
- попередження злочину (запобігання злочину);
- розшук злочинців;
- збереження громадського спокою;
- захищати закон;
- віддавати під суд тих, хто порушує закон;
- охороняти спокій королеви;
- захищати, допомагати та заспокоювати суспільство;
- ввічливий, чемний;
тільки до тих дій, які необхідні;
на добре обгрунтовану критику з бажанням змінитися.
the words from the left and the right columns according to the meaning. Make
sentences of your own.
prevention of protection of preservation of responsibility for detection of to
uphold to prevent to bring to to break to reassure to keep
public tranquillity crime
customs and excise duties the law
community the Queen's Peace the law
Read and translate the text
Alan is 17 years old. He wants to join the Police Service. It is a tradition in his family to become a
police officer. His grandfather was a Constable. He
was proud of his job. Alan's father is a Traffic Warden. He
is a civilian employed by the Police. He wears similar uniform and works on foot
in City centre. He is responsible for controlling the parking of traffic, moving people on where they have overstayed
their parking time and giving out fixed penalty tickets for the more persistent parking offenders. Alan's elder brother Peter
who is now 20 years old attends a twenty week training course at Peel Centre,
Hendon. Alan envies his brother. It's great to be a recruit at Hendon! Hendon is not like an ordinary educational establishment. The recruits are not tied to their desks —
police work is brought to life by acting out incidents. The whole class attend
at the scene of practical
by Police Officer Instructors. Students are expected to take action as if they were on normal duty. And it is much more interesting than to sit
in the classrooms. Peter says that he enjoys basic law, police procedure and how to handle people. Alan's mother says that Hendon helps Peter
become more skilful,
After initial training Peter will join his
new Division and for the first ten weeks will be taken
under the wings of an experienced tutor Sergeant and
Constable. During these early weeks working on the streets of London, he will, under supervision and guidance, learn about the local area, the people and
the problems that confront police officers.
after about a year's total service, the officers will complete a further two
weeks training at an Area Training Unit.
the initial two years Peter will be confirmed as Constable. Being a PC means
that officers will often need to act quickly. His
grandfather used to say: «Crime doesn't
clock on or off*. All day and all night policemen have to safeguard homes and property, even life itself.
is interested in fingerprint
why after initial training he is going to enter the Fingerprint Branch at New
Scotland Yard. Alan thinks that fingerprint identification plays an important
role in many major crime
it will be in future. Now Alan has to prepare himself for taking the Initial
Recruitment Test. If you are thinking of joining the Police Service, you must be physically fit. So Alan does his morning exercises every day.
He goes to learn Karate two evenings a week. He is already as tall as his
brother and growing into a man very fast!
Ukrainian equivalents for the following words and phrases.
to join the Police Service; -
Warden; uniform; parking of traffic; recruit;
scene of practical incidents;
work on foot; fixed penalty; educational establishment; to be on duty; police
procedure; skilful, patient, sensitive; under supervision and guidance; to
safeguard homes and property; crime investigation.
- physically fit; Exercise 11
the text and fill in the gaps with the words and phrases from the box below.
most visible, easily recognisable policing figure is the officer on the British
police officer — sometimes called "the bobby" after Sir Robert Peel,
the founder of the is a well-known figure to everybody who has visited Britain
or who has seen British films. Policemen are to be seen in towns or cities
keeping ... and ... , either walking in the streets ("pounding the
beat") or driving in cars (known as "panda cars" because of
their distinctive markings).
be a policeman means doing ... work, wearing a ... and working in a small area
of London, preventing ... and arresting ... .
members of the police must have gained a certain level of academic
qualifications at school and undergone a period of intensive training.
the most countries the police carry ... . The British police generally do not
carry firearms, except in Northern Ireland. Only a few police are regularly
armed, for example, those who . politicians and diplomats or who ... airports.
In certain circumstances specially trained police ... can be armed, but only
with the permission of a chief officer.
patrol crime Law
Guns criminals order
guard shift uniform
force officers beat
Work in pairs. Imagine you
are interviewed by a journalist. The journalist wants to know why you have
chosen the profession of a police officer. Include the following points.
- the main tasks of police;
- the duties of a policeman;
- the problems a policeman meets;
- the advantages and disadvantages of policeman
being armed. Use
the following words and expressions:
- Well, ...
- Talking about ...
- Frankly speaking ...
- To tell the truth ...
- As far as I know ...
- I have no doubt ...
- To cut a long story short ...
the passage and fill in each blank with an appropriate preposition. (Not all of
the prepositions have been deleted.) Some blanks may use more than one word.
chief was very old-fashioned. He dressed_______ a
than in plain clothes as we did during our
training. But at least he let me
wear what I wanted to wear. He was very conservative and did not like
the officers_______ his force to
have opinions that differed_________ his.
I was waiting to meet him________ the
first time, I could hear the
hysterical woman coming_________ the
thin walls: "But,
Chief Hutch, I know it was no accident ... none of them were, sir".
"Well, we have no proof, Mrs. Munsing,
and we don't work here on suppositions and guesses, you know. We have to have
facts in order to act".
"Yes, I know, sir, but I think that if
you would just ask some questions ... "
«Thank you, Mrs. Munsing, we'll get someone
on it_____________ you.
Thank you very much for coming in here today and sharing your
He showed her_______ the door, and
as he passed
me, he stopped and looked my white shirt and
tie. A smile crossed his
face. "We're in Flagstaff, Detective Smith, not on Fifth Avenue. You're
going to get pretty hot_________ that
Mrs. Munsing, you just go on back______________ Mr.
and my advice to you is not to mention that you came down here to see me".
I wouldn't, sir. I wouldn't. And I don't want you to tell anyone that I came
here. I might lose my job".
After she left he stared________ the door for a few minutes before
"Crazy old woman", he muttered_____________ his breath. "Come
He led me down a long corridor that had
walls. We passed office___________ office
emerged______ a long room
without windows that had five desks. One
____ the desks was empty. He
pointed_______ it. "That's
yours". He then
turned and walked out_______ the
I opened all my desk drawers and found them
full of bits and pieces
_____ paper and ends__________ pencils. There was dust__________ top
of the desk which stood in the very middle___________ the room. I could
hear everything that anyone said____________ all
sides of me. Which
much since everyone was trying hard to ignore me. I laughed to
myself when I considered the reason___________ their
coldness. In New
York people looked down________ me
because I came from a poor area
______ the city. Here they look down
on me because I come____________
richest city in the world.
I opened the Manual for Officers that I found_______ the
but before I could start it a seigeant came
in and told me the chief wanted
to see me______ his office______ the double.
The chief was just as taciturn as the rest___________ the force. He sat
a very small desk which made him look much bigger than he was. He didn't invite
me to sit down nor did I ask if I could. I stood
______ his desk while he began to
yell the rules_____________ the
The cardinal rule was DON'T MAKE TROUBLE. Don't look_____________
Don't make waves.
14 Answer the questions.
1. How was the police chief dressed? 2. Whose
voice did Dwight hear through the walls? 3. Describe the office the chief
assigned to Dwight. 4. Where did Dwight find the Manual for Officers? 5. What
was the cardinal rule of the office?