monarch — монарх
political stability — політична
to owe —
monarchy — монархія
continuity — неперервність,
to interrupt — переривати
impartial — неупереджений,
to act on the advice of smb. — діяти
згідно з правилами когось
to comprise — включати
the House of Commons —
the House of Lords — Палата лордів
to represent — репрезентувати,
local constituency — місцевий
виборчий округ (виборча кампанія) hereditary — спадковий
peer — пер,
peeress — дружина пера, леді
archbishop — архієпископ
to delay — затримувати,
complement — доповнювати to rival — конкурувати, суперничати at least — принаймні
compulsory — обов'язковий,
by secret ballot — таємним
majority — більшість
support — підтримка
to appoint — призначати
responsible for smth. — відповідальний
department — відділ,
opposition — опозиція
"shadow cabinet" — "тіньовий
alternative programme — альтернативна
authority — влада
to provide — постачати,
забезпечувати, доставляти, вживати заходів, передбачати education — освіта
legislation — законодавство
to carry out — виконувати,
— fulfil, realize) to carry out policy — проводити політику county —
графство (Brit), округ (Amer.)
and translate the text into Ukrainian. Exercise 2
Answer the following
1. What kind of country is Great Britain?
2. Who is the Queen of Great Britain?
3. What Houses does the Parliament of Great Britain comprise?
4. What House is the centre of parliamentary power in Great Britain?
5. Is voting compulsory in Great Britain?
6. What are the main Parties in Great Britain?
7. Who appoints the Prime Minister of Great
8. Who appoints the British Ministers?
9. What party forms the official Opposition?
10. What do the local authorities
Find English equivalents in the text.
- конституційна монархія
- місцевий виборчий округ
- загальні вибори
- згода королеви
- "тіньовий кабінет"
- альтернативна програма
Describe the system of government of Great
Britain using the following scheme.
— The Queen is the head of the Government. She makes laws with the Parliament
the text. Give Ukrainian equivalents for the words in bold type. Translate the
text into Ukrainian.
HOUSE OF COMMONS
This is the House of Commons where Members of Parliament take their seats on the green leather benches according to their party and position. From
this we get the terms "front
benches", "back benches"'and "cross
The two sides, Government
and Opposition, sit facing one another. If, for example, you
sit in the Public Gallery of the House of Commons, you would see the Government
sitting to the left of the table. The Opposition parties would be seated on the
right. Government ministers sit on the front bench on the Government side of the Chamber. They are therefore known as Government
front-benches. Those MPs
who belong to the same
party as the Government but who do not hold a Government post are known as
Government backbenches. The Official Opposition is divided in the same way.
The Opposition consists of all those parties which, as a result of the last general election, are not part of the Government. It is made up
of the Official Opposition, the largest Opposition party and a number of
smaller parties. The Labour
Party has the largest
number of MPs in the House of Commons having won the most seats in the general
election of 1997. The party winning most seats in a general election will form
a government and the party
leader becomes Prime Minister. As the Conservatives won the general elections of 1979, 1983 and 1992, we had a Conservative
Government for eighteen years with the party leader, firstly Mrs. Thatcher, and
from November 1990 Mr. Major as Prime Minister. There were Labour Governments
from 1964—1970, 1974—1979 and since their election victory in 1997 Mr. Blair
has chosen a
team of ministers to help
him, drawn from members of his own party in both the House of Commons and the
House of Lords. Together they make up the Government.
THE WORK OF A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT
country is divided into 659 voting areas or ... which each ... one MP to serve
in the ... MPs have to represent all of their regardless of whether they voted
for them. In addition MPs have a duty to their political party, to themselves
and their own beliefs and to the nation as a whole. Once or twice a week people
in a constituency have the chance to meet their ... when they can talk about
their problems, large or small. People may come to their MP with ... or
problems or perhaps someone has a relative in hospital and finds it difficult
to get there on public transport. An MP spends time at ... and during holidays
meeting people in local factories, clubs, schools, etc.
working hours of the House of Commons are very unusual. Most MPs start their
day early in the... and may not get home until ... or later.
is important for MPs to keep up with the ... — so the first thing they do in
the morning is to look through the newspapers to know what has been happening
overnight both in this country and ... MPs often do this over breakfast.
first thing an MP does after arriving at the House of Commons is to collect his
... MPs receive huge amounts of mail every day; so reading and answering ...
takes a large amount of time.
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday mornings many MPs will be sitting on
2.30 p.m. each day the ... walks in procession to the Chamber of the House of
Commons to begin the day's .... The first hour of the afternoon from 2.30 to
3.30 p.m. is Question Time at which most MPs like to be present because they
have a chance to ask the money about what it is doing or not doing — and why.
They especially like to be present on Tuesdays and Thursdays for Questions to
the Prime Minister. From tea time until about 10.00 p.m. there are ... in the
Chamber in which MPs may try to speak, especially if the subjects are of
interest to their constituents.
Sometimes a MP finally gets
to bed when it is nearly time to begin the next day's work.